Organisation: Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration (1904 - 1956)

From
1904
To
1956
Topics
Industrial relations and Law

Summary

The Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration was the first federal tribunal to have jurisdiction over matters of industrial relations in Australia.

Details

Established under the Conciliation and Arbitration Act 1904, the Court had both arbitral and judicial powers. In effect, this meant it could make an award specifying wages and conditions of employment and could also interpret and enforce the award, if necessary imposing penalties for non-compliance.

The Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration was abolished in 1956, after the High Court of Australia ruled that it was unconstitutional for it to be vested with both arbitral and judicial powers.

Related entries

Timeline

 1904 - 1956 Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration
       1956 - 1973 Commonwealth Conciliation & Arbitration Commission
             1973 - 1988 Australian Conciliation and Arbitration Commission
                   1988 - 2009 Australian Industrial Relations Commission
                         2009 - Fair Work Australia

Related Organisations