Cultural Artefact: Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (1975 - )
- 11 June 1975
- Aborigines, Immigration and Law
The Racial Discrimination Act 1975 was passed by the Australian Parliament during the Prime Ministership of Australian Labor Party leader Gough Whitlam.
The Act made it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race with regard to: Access to places and facilities for use by the public (section 11); Land, housing or accommodation (section 12); Provision of goods and services (section 13); Joining a trade union (section 14); Employment (section 15); and Advertising (section 16).
Under the Act, racial discrimination occurs when someone is treated less fairly than someone else in a similar situation because of their race, colour, descent or national or ethnic origin. Racial discrimination can also occur when a policy or rule appears to treat everyone in the same way while in effect having greater impact on people of a particular race, colour, descent or national or ethnic origin.